There are many different types of tiles to suit all applications. Some common tiles are:
- Ceramic ceramic tiles are made from clay and can be glazed or unglazed. Many different finishes are available and tiles come in a range of sizes
- Terracotta these tiles are unglazed and as such must be sealed if they are to be used in areas of heavy use. Terracotta tiles are usually available in earthy tones.
- Mosaic mosaic tiles are small tiles made from stone, glass or ceramic and are set into a base to create patterns and designs. They are popular in bathrooms especially.
- Marble and granite very durable and low maintenance. If these tiles are polished they may become slippery in wet areas.
- Porcelain porcelain tiles are fired at very high temperatures and as such are impervious. They come in a glazed or matte finish and can be used both indoors and outdoors.
- Quartz very durable and available in a wide range of colours.
- Limestone popular for floors but needs to be sealed as it can be porous.
Tiles also come with ratings that are designed to convey the durability of the tile and system is ranked from 1 to 5, with 1 being the lowest and 5 being the strongest. Rating 1 tiles are suitable for lightly used areas such as ensuites, where the user is likely to be bare-footed or wearing soft shoes. Rating 2 tiles can be used in residential areas where heavy footwear is not worn and that are not heavily used. Tiles with Rating 3 can be used in areas such as kitchens and corridors. Rating 4 tiles can stand more use and as such are recommended for heavily used areas in the home such as entrances and common walkways. Rating 5 tiles are the strongest of all and are most commonly used in commercial situations.